海外华裔网友Tis iphone Rose的回答
Few countries in the world understand the meaning of "falling behind will be beaten" as deeply as China. Think about the history of China's recent aggression and bullying, the Yugoslav embassy bombed by the United States, and the provocation of the United States in the South China Sea exercise. Now you will ask, why do you spend so much money to expand the modern army? I just think you are ridiculous. China has the right to develop and defend itself. It is a morbid state of mind not to accept China's prosperity.
In order to maintain peace, every country should first be able to defend itself against attacks. If China does not improve its military strength, the superpowers will covet China's resources and markets and make China yield. For example, during the Opium War, China reached a ceasefire agreement by providing reparations, which plunged all Chinese into extreme poverty for several generations.
History always teaches us a lesson that we should use force without signing an unequal treaty. Iraq attacked Kuwait; Britain invaded and colonized India; The United States annexed Hawaii (1898), Guam (1898) and California (1848); America invaded Afghanistan (2001) and Iraq (2003).
China's national defense force is currently at the top level in the world. Politicians in Europe, America and Japan call it "China's military threat" or "destructive force" in the Pacific region. I think the opposite is true: China's military strength represents the growth of regional peace forces. The reason why there is no major war in the world is that China's national defense is a major check and balance force. The key to measuring whether a country poses a military threat to other countries depends on what kind of national defense policy it pursues. China adheres to a defensive national defense policy and will not threaten the security of any country.
A strong country must have a strong army. If the army is not strong, the country is at most a "rich country", but never a "strong country". With a strong national defense, a country can rise with dignity. China understands this very well, so its goal of building a world-class military has always been achieved.
Although China's military budget is the second largest in the world, it is still far below that of the United States. As the second largest economy and the most populous country in the world, China's per capita defense budget in 2021 is less than US $1000. If you are really worried about whose military power will threaten world peace, then the target will not be China.
If China had not built a modern army, it would not know how many times it would be bullied after the founding of New China. They learned from their own history what would happen in a country that could not defend its own people: Western powers would have no mercy on them, completely destroyed them and took away their property.
The modern world is not a peaceful world. It is a world where the strong make rules and the weak abide by rules. If the security of China's 1.4 billion people is at risk, it is meaningless to become the richest country in the world. What's the use of money? Unless you can use it for a good purpose.
China will not be happy unless they are self-sufficient and do not rely on any other country. They are currently cooperating with more than 180 countries in the world, and this cooperation is growing slowly without competition. As a holy land of the manufacturing, no country can provide what they can with the amazing speed and low price.
They are now turning their attention to fields with higher quality, advanced technology and higher profit margins. As rumored, they may transfer many small market projects to other countries through the "the Belt and Road" plan, focusing on satellites, automation and military defense.
China is ahead of the United States in some aspects, even though the arrogance of the United States will not make them believe this. China is spending money to build, and the military is an important part of defending its future.
First of all, an obvious problem is that China really "spends so much" on military affairs? They have never given me such an impression, so let me take a look at the proportion of military expenditure of major countries.
Russia (4.1%), the United States (3.5%), Israel (2.8%), India (2.7%), Iran (2.3%), the United Kingdom (2.2%), Australia (2%), France (1.9%), China (1.7%), Italy (1.5%), Japan (1.1%).
It is obvious that China's military expenditure ratio is lower than that of other major economies (of course, relatively speaking, it is relatively small: 1.7% of China's GDP is less than that of most countries on this list).
In other words, compared with most western powers, China is not so militaristic.
I would like to add that no one (especially the Chinese) will say that they sacrifice national interests for the peace they love. No matter what anti military prejudice Confucianism has, it is invalid because they believe that:
• Society is not united through etiquette, tradition or piety, but through clear, strict and enforceable laws to strengthen the establishment of the national system;
• Before the law, everyone is equal, regardless of rich or poor, regardless of high or low, and punishment should be carried out according to law to prevent others from committing crimes;
• Only sovereign countries are not bound by laws, so that any policy is in line with the interests and needs of the country and the people;
• The military should be strong, supported by all national resources, and have a clear chain of command;
• The military should be strong, supported by all national resources, and have a clear chain of command;
In the eyes of the Chinese, "peace" does not mean "unarmed".
In Christian countries, there is an exaggerated image of negative pacifism, which is inspired by certain religious beliefs and is mainly used to laugh at others in non religious speeches.
In ancient Greece, when trying to make people understand the necessity of resorting to violence, the expression was "kill me, my Pasha, and let me become a saint." The impression is that only saints do not use violence, and saints are weak/stupid. Such people will be used by Turks and/or aggressive people.
Westerners not only accept China's statement of "peace loving", which means this kind of meek passivity, but also actively hope that China will maintain this state. If China is weak, it is a kind, domesticated China, praised and suitable for exploitation; If it becomes powerful, it is the evil, aggressive wolf warrior who is caught in the opposite of morality. What a perfect trap.
A good example is the typical late Legalist emperor and the founding emperor of the Ming Dynasty, Hong Wu (1368 – 98), whose name means "extreme militarization" (Hong Wu, H ó ngw ğ）， This shows that he regards the army as the backbone of the country economically and politically. He would completely abolish Confucianism and rule by an organization composed of princes, political appointees and secret police (Qin Shihuang did similar things).
At the same time, the emperor is the epitome of China's anti expansionist mentality. He formulated strict dynastic laws to prohibit any of his descendants from waging wars against Korea or Vietnam. He can preemptively guess that these wars are only expansion wars that waste resources and cannot meet the needs of the country. The extensive military institutions he established are not only defensive, but also reform oriented: to establish a national society composed of wealthy, armed and medium-sized farmers, directly under the command of the central government, and to hand over all national resources to the state.
This is completely different from the docile and peaceful nation that Europeans understand they can educate; But this is also the core of China's tradition of a peaceful country that never invades its neighbors.
China has the world's longest land border (22000 km), shares it with 14 direct neighbors, and the tenth longest coastline (14000 km) needs protection.
Chinese Mainland is only slightly smaller than Europe. Yes, it is 10% smaller than the whole continent, but its population is nearly double. Last year, it spent 250 billion dollars on national defense. In addition to Russia, European expenditures exceeded 300 billion US dollars, excluding NATO.
Most of Europe is already part of the European Union, and EDA is responsible for coordinating joint defense. And the NATO alliance, backed by Britain and the United States, ensures Atlantic security. The main security issue in Western Europe is Russia, but they have not fought since World War II. However, they spend more than $300 billion a year.
China has two powerful land neighbors in Russia and India. One of them has the most powerful weapon known to mankind, while the other will surpass Japan in the next 10 or 20 years. India has refused to reach a peace agreement on the border issue since independence.
On the east coast, China has the 7th Fleet at home, including Yokosuka's only forward deployed super aircraft carrier. Indopacom is already the largest headquarters of the US military, and the number of ships deployed by the 7th Fleet exceeds the total number of other fleets. Sader is active in south korea, while japan has f22 and f35 fighters.
For decades, Australia has invested hundreds of billions of dollars to fund the aggressive posture of the Five Eye Alliance, including the development of forward deployed nuclear submarines and offensive missile networks. The military budgets of Australia and the United States total $800 billion and are rising.
The quantity and quality of firepower that has poured into the Western Pacific theater of war is alarming and has been gathering in the past decade. India's border has also experienced a 60 year period of calm. During the pandemic, Indians started an arms carnival around the world.
In fact, China's defense is to protect China's sovereignty over its territory. There is no gunboat diplomacy, no overseas bases and no forward aggression. China is actually surrounded by the enemy at the gate.
China has a vast territory and a large population, but by contrast, its military expenditure is not much. The average American spends 12-15 times more on "defense" than the Chinese.
In the past 40 years, China has never fired in anger. Can we say that Europe, Australia, India, Russia or the United States have not? Since the United States launched 20 years of war in the Middle East and North Africa, Europe is now facing a serious refugee problem.
In the early 1980s, the number of Chinese soldiers was about 4 million. It was 3 million in 1990, 2.5 million in 2000 and 2.3 million in 2007. The current scale is 2 million. What they really developed was the modernization of military technology and tactics.
If you understand the motivation behind the development of the Chinese army, you can understand that its goal is always to protect itself. Development is not intended to threaten other countries, but to deter those countries that fear China's economic challenges and will use all means (especially military means) to confront China.